It is almost certain that had the war lasted even a little longer, the number of the POW deaths would have been much greater given the shortages Japan was experiencing toward the end of the war. A few POWs did technical work and demonstrated their excellent technical skills. 10/1/43 1000 Dutch transported from Java to Moulmein but sunk 15/1/43 in the Andaman sea with 961 survivors. Alexandra Hospital, Havelock Road working camp, Singapore, Buket Timah, Chinese High School, Singapore, Fort Connaught, Blakang Mati Island, Singapore, JC /172 Janek Merak, Jechil Road, Singapore. Between them Germany and Italy captured a total of 142,319 British prisoners, with Japan capturing 50,016. There is a great deal of evidence the ICRC did visit some camps which were made ‘presentable’ to them by the Japanese. Of the 1210 people on board, a total of 339 were lost that night, 308 workers (including POW’s), 26 prostitutes and 5 Japanese soldiers. The Allied governments began negotiations for a second exchange almost immediately, but only the United States and Canada succeeded in reaching an agreement with the Japanese authorities. 's of Japan WW2" on Pinterest. Only 550 of the 900+ who sailed from Taiwan were still alive; 150 more men died in Japan, Taiwan, and Korea in the coming months, leaving only 403 survivors of the original 1620 to be liberated from camps in Kyushu, Korea, Manchuria, and Taiwan in August and September 1945. Brazil arrived at Moji, Japan with approximately 425 of 1,619 POWs that began the trip on Oryoku Maru on December 13, 1944. Suga attended the official surrender of the Japanese forces in the Kuching area by their commander, Major-General Hiyoe Yamamura, onboard HMAS Kapunda on the 11th September 1945. The camp commandants often refused to reply to questions put to them. is now making images of some original documentation and prisoner release/questionnaire forms. No water and very little food were provided for the majority of this journey. While there, the prisoners were afforded no sanitary conditions whatsoever. 60 KM west of Bangkok and on the direct communication line of the Japanese Army. The nurses heard a quick succession of shots before the Japanese soldiers came back, sat down in front of the women and cleaned their bayonets and rifles. Japanese prisoners of war, though a rarity for part of the Pacific War, were taken as the war neared its end and immediately after the war had finished.Many thousands of prisoners of war were taken after Japan surrendered in September 1945 after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Sailed back from Manila to Japan on 20/9/44 with 1289 POWs. Stories categorised in 'Prisoners of War'. Sometimes those soldiers in charge of guarding the prisoners around the camp and the work site were dispatched from a nearby regiment or other units. Which are all released under the terms of Although Allied prisoners of war complained of the scarcity of food within German POW camps , they were treated comparatively well. WO 361/2045 The Far East Prisoner of War records are a part of the larger Prisoners of War 1715-1945 collection from The National Archives. However, living conditions were difficult. It displaced 5,065 tons, was 405 ft (123 m) long, 53 ft (16 m) wide, and 27.2 ft (8.3 m) deep. 37,583 prisoners from the United Kingdom, Commonwealth and Dominions, 28,500 from Netherlands and 14,473 from the United States were released after the surrender of Japan. While in San Fernando, 15 weak or wounded prisoners were loaded on a truck, believing they would be taken to Bilibid for treatment. There, about 1,000 of the survivors were loaded on another Japanese ship, the Enoura Maru, while the rest boarded the smaller Brazil Maru. After mid-1944 most POWs on the east coast area were based at Sungeigerung camp. She was deliberately scuttled by the Dutch to prevent her from falling into enemy hands but the Japanese refloated and salvaged her in 1942. This part alone took about 12 weeks. As prisoners tried to escape the flames they were then bayoneted or shot down. On arrival at Mojio, the POWs were split & sent to Moji & Kobe camps. Furthermore, the Japanese Government had been very negligent in keeping records of such historical facts during the war. 14) by an air raid and seven were killed by the A-Bomb in Nagasaki Mitsubishi Ship-Building Branch Camp (Fukuoka No. The Battle of Bataan ended the next day with an Allied surrender. The entire march was judged later to be a ‘war crime’ and started with many atrocities such as the summary execution of some 400 Filipino officers immediately after the surrender. Despite the heat, there were two taps to collect water from, and each prisoner was limited to one quart of water (approximately 0.95 litres) for consumption and washing each day. In the North & Central areas around 3,200 men were incarcerated, with a party of 2,000 men being transported to Burma in May 1942. Terms of Service apply. They began preparing assembly areas for the POWs as soon as the Japanese surrender documents were signed on September 1, 1945. A type of military secret police, also largely responsible for counter-espionage activities. Jul 31, 2016 - Explore Theresa Steele's board "World War II: Prisoners of War", followed by 281 people on Pinterest. From June 1944 women and children from Poeloe Berayan were interned here & in July 1945 they were moved to Aek Pamienke II near to a rubber plantation. This was a civilian only internment camp, taken over by the Japanese in 1942. The IRCC delegates who inspected Keijo camp in December 1942, allegedly told Mr R. P. Phillips, an Australian Red Cross Representative held there, that it was the "best" Japanese camp he had yet seen. There were also many deaths caused by guard atrocities, and almost all POWs were executed after they had attempted to escape and were recaptured. The first project for the prisoners was to clean the building. Sunk off Manila having broken down and remained stranded for 2 months, 383 survivors only. Some escaped by going over a cliff that ran along one side of the trenches but was later hunted down and killed. 273-274) re the beheading of the PBY aircrew members. On October 24th 1944 Commander E. N. Blakely spotted the unmarked Arisan Maru through his periscope on the USS Shark submarine. Occupied originally by British POWs from F Force who had left Changi (Singapore) in April 1943. Most were moved in groups named 'Forces' named from A to L in order of departure (see Destinations). on 24 June put the railway out of commission for the rest of the war. On September 18th, 1944, when sailing from Tangjung Priok, Java to Padang, Sumatra, Junyo Maru was torpedoed west off Sumatra, Mukomuko by the British submarine HMS Tradewind. The men were regarded as not fit enough to be transferred to working areas but were shipped out of Changi anyway on 13 trains with no ventilation and little food or water. In addition to punching and slapping, the punishment could be meted out with a sword scabbard or the butt of a rifle. Over 100,000 soldiers of the British Armed Forces were captured during this war and placed in prisoner of war camps. Company guards were responsible for the POWs while they were at work. Arrived at Moji in Japan where POWs were sent onto Taisho sub-camp, one of a group of camps around Osaka and Kobe. Jinguashi (Chinkuashih) in modern-day Taiwan –Kinkaseki is the Japanese name for it, ran from 1942-45. In 1917 she was sold to the Norfolk & North American Steamship Company (part of Furness Withy), London, and renamed Hartland Point. Shuske Wada, whose charges paralleled those of Toshino, was the official interpreter for the guard group. Carried 1065 POWs from Thailand in July 1944. Conditions at Camp Holmes were much better. 6318 British and 2815 Australian POWs are counted within these deaths. Sailed from Surabaya, Java 22/04/43 to Ambon/ Ceram/ Haruku arriving 04/5/43 with 1071 POWs. View the Japanese Registers of Allied Prisoners of War (PoWs) and Civilian Internees held in Camps in Singapore during WW2 with Forces War Records. After the Japanese surrender, Argyle Street Camp became a centre for displaced people returning to Hong Kong. The … It was commonplace for a senior Japanese officer to strike his subordinate officers who then passed the same treatment down the chain of command to their non commissioned staff and down to the lowliest Japanese soldier who then invariably took this out on prisoners under his control. The Yuzan Maru was a US-made freighter. In a night raid in late January 1945, under the cover of darkness and a distraction by a P-61 Black Widow, the group of US Rangers, Alamo Scouts (a US special reconnaissance unit) and Filipino guerrillas surprised the Japanese forces in and around the camp. Menu. After wandering for three days in the swamp, they contacted a band of Filipino guerrillas. US submarines picked up some 63 POWs in the sea after the sinkings, The Japanese 136 others, however, 1159 POWs died. A set of 3 ships carried around 2200 POWs to Moji however. The Hiroshima Main Camp absorbed Zentsuji POW Camp making a total of seven main camps. Left Manila the Philippine capital on 23/7/43 taking 501 US prisoners to Japan and was torpedoed and sunk by the submarine USS Picuda (SS-382) in the Taiwan straits. Prisoners of war at the dock area in Yokohama, Japan, waiting to be processed prior to boarding a hospital ship. The more interesting material is often the returning POW questionnaires found within WO392/23 (A-D) WO392/26 (R-Z), these were collated by MI9, the British secret service department responsible for escape and evasion. The worst problem for prisoners in all North-east Asian camps was enduring the extreme cold in an undernourished state. It was torpedoed and sunk 30 July 1945 by USS Sennet (SS-408) off Hokkaido. A Dutch-built ship of 2071 tonnes, launched in 1900. Their tasks involved the cleaning up and repairing of war-torn parts of the city and the badly bombed Chinatown area. Forces and returned to the United States. C- Japan, Left Singapore on 28/11/42 and arrival was split into those that went onto Kobe (Kawasaki) camp and Naoetsu (number 4 Tokyo camp). F- Thailand 7000 in F Force, left Changi for Thailand between 16-18 April 1943. The gun batteries on Blakang Mati were later destroyed or deliberately broken up to prevent them from falling into Japanese hands. Often used for staging POWs up and down the railways' line, the hospital was a base from November in 1942 until April in 1944. They were later also forced to build a 220 km long section of railway between Pekanbaru and Muaro, with 18 POW camps along the length of the railway. On Borneo there were Japanese-run internment camps at Batu Lintang, Kuching, Sarawak, Jesselton (later Kota Kinabalu), Sandakan and briefly on Labuan island.