All this time the 400 or so US Army Air Corps who had shared Belaria with us had been our companions but now the Germans separated us and moved them off in a different direction. The guards shepherded by Feldwebel Glemnitz trudged on and many of them were worse than we. Initially in charge was Hauptman Wemer until the number of POWâs grew and the Oberst (Colonel) arrived. For a … A POW got drunk on “kriegie hooch” (made from raisins from Australian bulk issue; soaked in water; the raisins had a crust of sugar and yeast and this fermented). German POWs on the American Homefront Thousands of World War II prisoners ended up in mills, farm fields and even dining rooms across the … 2-hrly Bronchitis, received inhalations and mist Ipecac. Then we were taken to part of a German maternity hospital under guard in Berlin. Returning from the hospital, Geoff offered the guard some cigarettes if they would take him to a hotel for a beerâ¦ which they did! About 400,000 Axis prisoners of war captured during World War II were dispatched to 500 camps around the United States. . Because he spoke German, Geoff Cornish and one med. Arzt Hildebrand who was a rare specimen having a sense of humor. Parts of the camp in between huts were used as ‘allotments’ to grow a few vegetables but the soil was very poor, although potatoes and tomatoes would grow. Prisoners were usually housed in one-storey wooden barracks which contained bunk beds (two or three high) and a charcoal burning stove in the middle of the room. The Germans allowed us to go on to the playing field when it suited them (It was denied for some time after the Great Escape). Between 1941 and 1945, German forces took six million Russian prisoners of war. Still, they also had some Schnapps! I was the camp doctor’s first patient at the Lazaret. The whole trip from Belaria had taken 8 days and we had marched over 80km and the rest by rail. Furthermore, services sprang up quickly which enabled those who were determined and interested in keeping their lives going. ...for possible inclusion in JMVH. Did you know? America’s first POW in World War Two wasn’t German, but Japanese. German prisoner-of-war camps in World War II; This article includes a list of related items that share the same name (or similar names). Red Cross parcels, flown over to Axis POW camps, were intended to help ease the problem of hunger for the captured servicemen. Hydrarg et AmmonWhitfield’s OintmentZinc Oxide Cream (1 tin! In the European theater, 93,941 Americans were held as prisoners of war (POWs). Conditions depended on: whether the camp was purpose built where the camp was what the climate was like who else was in the camp the personality of the officer in charge. … This was a POW camp for Allied Officers who were flying personnel. They were of British, US and Danish origin. Erysipelasâ¦2 or 3 cases occurred and responded to hot dry packs and Prontosil. I canât remember where the seeds came from for this venture. There, Twee and I took a few really sick men to what turned out to be a British Revier or medical post manned by Irishmen while the rest of the medical team went to Luckenwalde camp. Pot. and rest in bed and fluids ++. German POW’s captured by the Russians faced similar prospects. There was of course no cold storage area (other than the camp kitchen) and the temperature at Belaria varied from a maximum in the summer of 40 degrees down to about -10 C in winter. He was looking for patients as we entered the camp at Belaria. That compares with just one percent of American prisoners who died in German POW camps. Though prison camps provided some shelter, they didn’t offer great protection against the weather, particularly the cold of winter.Food became a huge preoccupation for prisoners. All Rights Reserved. It was at the end of the column so that any sick marchers could drop out of the column and be picked up as we passed. At ground level, between the rows, coils of barbed wire were laid. We were fortunate at Belaria to have a few men who had been prisoners for some time to give us advice on life style change. At Balaria: Jan 44 to Jan 45 (Weekly per manÂ Â approx), At Luckenwalde: Feb-May 1945 (Daily per manÂ Â approx), 165 gm Margarine (6 oz)165 gm Honey or Jam60 gm Cheese, Â½ cup Mint tea twice daily2/3 litre Soup (Pea, Cabbage, Meat or Barley)300 gm Dauerbrot, LIST OF MEDICAL SUPPLIES Â Â (I am relying on memory), Ung. There were more than 140,000 white prisoners in Japanese POW camps. From comparisons I have from a doctor who was in an Italian camp and from 2 or 3 prisoners who were in both at some time, the German conditions were better. He had an old compound fracture of be thigh, which took a hell of a long time to heal and was obviously very painful, but he did not complain once and always had a grin. Articles 27-32 detailed the conditions of labour. One hut was converted into a theatre, having been an assembly hall. His great philosophy was âpatients get better in spite of our efforts and not always because of itâ and âNature had been at this game (of practicing medicine) for a long time and is very good at it.”. Stalag X-B was a World War II German Prisoner-of-war camp located near Sandbostel in north-western Germany. ). North Carolina had 2 major POW base camps: specially barbed-wire-enclosed camps within the larger American military bases at Camp Butner and at Fort Bragg. We stayed there a second day and had a very heavy sick parade that day. Since the Red Cross parcels came from Geneva, we realised supplies would drop off so we tried to store food. However, the tins of meat by Fray Bentos from Argentina were sealed with tin solder. In total Some 95,000 American and 135,000 British and Commonwealth servicemen were incarcerated in prisoners of war (POW) camps in Germany during World War II. Treated with 1% acriflavine, they usually did well. After we arrived at Luckenwalde, south of Berlin in Jan 1945, there were no parcels at all. Each of these held between 2,000 and 3,000 German POWs. In the mid 1990's, Jensen along with members of the Yellowstone Historical Society, were the first to do extensive research on the camps in Montana. Belaria at that stage had 8 huts for accommodation, each with an ablution area with washbasins, 3 or 4 showers, usually cold, and a urinal. Many prisoners were German sailors caught in port by U.S. forces far away from the European battlefield. He would visit every 2 or 3 weeks and in emergencies if he could. Blisters and ‘fluâ were rife and the SBO managed to persuade the German commandant to take a few of the sicker POWs to the local army hospital at Muskau. 2. We were the doctor, plus 4 medical students (1 an American B17 pilot) and 3 or 4 helpers. This went well beyond the loss of freedom.Germany’s resources were limited and prisoners of war weren’t high priority recipients of such scarce resources. 1. In the latter part of January 1944, the whole camp at Belaria was given 6 hours to move to an unknown destination. Of these, one in three died from starvation, work, punishments or from diseases for which there were no medicines to treat. Supplies came through the courtesy of the Germans and Red Cross via Geneva. The following article on German POW camps in World War Two is an excerpt fromÂ Barrett Tillman’ D-Day Encyclopedia. On 16 December 1943, I was sitting at the Navigator’s seat in a very noisy Lancaster bomber over Berlin when something occurred that changed the pattern of my life. Many German captives were sent to labour camps in the depths of Russia, where hunger, exhaustion and freezing conditions killed thousands. It had an examining couch and stools for patients to sit on while being treated. Elastoplast was scarce but gauze dressings we available to be used dry or with petroleum jelly or icthyol or even acriflavine we made up from tablets dissolved in water. During the Second World War, Dresden contained many prisoners of war (POWs) behind German lines under terrible conditions. Other topics were used to give instruction and a library was started with books sent over the years to POWs. Headaches and minor aches got APC tablets. During World War II, the Germans held American POWs in a system of nearly 100 camps spread throughout German-occupied territory. Several hundred gallons of petrol burning less than 20 feet from you is an occasion for rapid action in the way of evacuation of the area, which five of us did before the plane blew up or crashed. German POW camps of WW II are hard to locate today. The vessel was destroyed in action off the Canary Islands in 1943. Thousands died. Most People In Colorado Don’t Know About Our Old German POW Camp For most of our readers, the COVID-19 pandemic and all of the uncertainties surrounding it may go down in history as one of the most trying times in our lives, thanks to not only the health aspect but also the astronomical unemployment rate and being cooped up in our homes for months at a time. Skin Lesions. We marched about 20km the first day, starting at about 4 am and passing the main Stalag Luft 3 camp (which seemed empty) on the way. Belaria at that stage had 8 huts for accommodation, each with an ablution area with washbasins, 3 or 4 showers, usually cold, and a urinal. My arm was taken out of plaster at the end of January 1944 and I spent 1/2 hour 3 times a day “climbing up the wall” to overcome the bruising and avoid ankylosis. student were left in charge of them. There were also camps known as Marlags, short for the German Marinelager, which were for captured naval servicemen. Around 10,000 German prisoners were sent to Florida, in two major camps: Camp Blanding and Camp Gordon Johnston. A range of sports were played when the weather was fine and in the evenings there were sometimes concerts. By Eric Stephenson Conditions in Stalag IX-B were the worst of any POW camp, but they were recalled fondly by the Americans transferred to Berga, who discovered the main purpose for their imprisonment was to serve as slave laborers . URTIs were frequent, from rhinitis to tonsillitis to bronchitis; only one or two asthma attacks. The hospital staff were promised a horse and cart to carry medical supplies and our own belongings. Regardless, given the facts, these camps did not hold up to the conditions mandated by the Geneva Convention. This article is a list of prisoner-of-war camps in Germany (and in German occupied territory) during any conflict. Urinary Infections received mist. Sometimes we used Vaseline with a dressing. The usual form of transport was by train and the length of the journey depended on both the distance to travel and the number of times the train would be shunted into a siding to make way for a passing troop train. The result was a magnificent piece of surgery involving some 20 sutures. Journal of Military and Veteransâ Health (JMVH). I spent the next 2 months in the camp general with the other POWs who had arrived at Belaria at the same time. This was 5 to 6 kilometers away from the main camp which also had a North, South, Centre, East and West compound plus a jail, a hospital and a German ‘vorlager’. Roughly 570,000 German and even the part of the camp kitchen in jugs the in! 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